Mariology – Introduction


Marian Dogmas are theological understanding of Mary. Dogmas are Church proposed Truths, contained in Divine Revelation.

There are four Marian dogmas.  They are:- Mary Mother of God, Perpetual Virginity of Mary, Immaculate Conception of Mary and the Assumption of our Lady.  Mary Mother of God can be understood better in the light of other Marian Dogmas.  The perfect obedience and responses to the word of God made her the Mother of God.  All other Marian Dogmas have their importance and relevance derived from the Divine Motherhood of Mary as it forms the basis and the foundation.

The person and the mission of Mary can be understood well only in relation to Jesus Christ, the Trinity and the Church.  Mary’s importance lies in her relation to Christ.  Jesus Christ is born of a woman (Gal 4: 4); Mary is this woman (CCC 422).  Jesus Christ was conceived by the Holy Spirit, and was born of the Virgin Mary (CCC 484 – 512).  Mary is all Holly and Sinless.  She is the virginal Mother.  Mary is closely related to the Trinity.  She was expressing the presence of Trinity during her earthly existence.  Mary in and through her life exhibited the power of Trinity especially of the Holy Spirit.  To understand this we need Marian dogmas.  She also becomes very important in relation to church.  She is not only the Mother of Christ but also Mother of the Church.  She is the mode of faith, hope and charity for all Christian faithful.  Marian dogmas shed light in our understanding of the person and mission of Mary.


  1. Mary did not pass on the sin DNA because she conceived Jesus of the Holy Spirit. But Mary was not sinless. She had a human father. Death and sin was passed upon all mankind through Adam and his descendants (Romans 5:12). Mary was a sinner in need of a Savior. The Bible is clear: All have sinned and come short of the glory of God. (Romans 3:23). It is not because of what we do that we earn salvation. It is all about the death of God substituting Himself for us to win our pardon or cover our debt. Not by works of righteousness that we have done (ie giving birth to Jesus) but according to His mercy He saved us. (Titus 3:5). There is none righteous, no not one (Roman 3:10-12). All that we can bring to God in our good works amounts to filthy rags (Isaiah 64:6). According to James anyone that says he never sins calls God a liar and the truth is not in him (1 John 1:8,10). Mary did not claim to be sinless only to be the handmaiden of God. We all should view ourselves as God’s humble servants. We ought not to exalt ourselves above our fellows nor anyone higher than ourselves or place anyone in a position to mediate God’s blessings to us. 1 Timothy 2:5 “There is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.” God invites us to, in the name of Jesus, come boldly before Him to receive mercy and grace in our time of need. (Hebrews 4:16). I am asking why would you settle for less? And if that is your preference aren’t you thwarting God’s purposes and thereby falling from grace?

    • Keep in mind that by Jewish Law in the time of Solomon and David that no one approached the King accept through the Mother not the 1st wife. This is symbolic of our relationship between our Lord and His Mother. No one gets to God accept through Jesus Christ but by Jewish Law no one gets to Jesus accept through Mary his mother.

      • But that was not part of God’s law. Traditions were added like layers that widened the seperation between man and God. We are not under law, nevertheless. It was the law that put us to death but I died to the law that I can now live for Christ. I was put to the death on the cross with Christ and the life I live I live by the faith in the Son of God who love me and gave Himself for me.

        Thank you for engaging me in this conversation. God shows in His word how passionate He is to connect face to face with us. Like Adam in the garden He wants to talk with us open, naked and unashamed because all is forgiven. We are urged to enter into His presence BOLDLY that we might find grace to help us in our time of need.

        • Yes, but dont forget the Church is built on not on tradition. The mother of Christ is part of that tradtion not matter how much the Christians today play it down in other denominations. His mother is very important in His ministry.

          • Before time, before creation, in eternity past God had a plan to redeem mankind from the curse. It was a plan that included Mary as Jesus’ portal into our time and space, His protector, His mother. In Luke we see Mary’s humble sweet heart that held nothing back to accomplish God’s will. Every Jewish household was hoping their daughter would give birth to the Messiah and now Mary saw it would be her but at a great price. Mary did not proclaim her great honor to the world. She bore this trust silently along with the slanderous talk that she was an unwed mother. Even Joseph, her fiance considered breaking their engagement until an angel set the story straight. Her only confidant was her cousin Elizabeth who had a miraculous pregnancy in menapause to the coming herald of Jesus, John the Baptist. Life with a perfect child must have been hard while she raised at least 2 more sons (James and Jude) and at least 1 daughter who didn’t take him seriously. In fact, they, like Joseph’s brothers in the book of Genesis, might have wanted Jesus dead before His time. It was at 12, about the age for Bar Mitzvah, Jesus began pursuing His heavenly Father’s business. When everyone in His caravan were returning home from passover in Jerusalem Jesus was engaged in deep spiritual discussions with the temple leaders. They were amazed at His depth of understanding and the questions He posed them. Meanwhile a couple days out Mary realized Jesus was missing and had the family return to frantically search for Jesus. When she found Jesus she let Him know how upset she was over this whole scary ordeal to which, as you remember, He said He must be about His Father’s business. Nevertheless, Jesus submitted to her authority and returned with the family. It wasn’t until the wedding at Cana of Galilee that Jesus performed His first miracle, turning the water into wine because Mary knew Jesus could save the day she directed the kitchen staff to do whatever He told them to do. That day was His coming out day–the quiet unmasking of His divinity. Since then Jesus had John baptize Him, He appointed 12 disciples, one of which was the needed betrayer, Judas, and then Jesus went about the cities and villages teaching and preaching the gospel and healing every sickness and disease among the people. Jesus was so busy and mobbed with the needy desiring His touch that at one point Mary and his brothers thought He was beside Himself and they tried to get Him aside to speak privately to Him. When Jesus was told His mother and brothers wanted to talk to Him He knew it was not to give Him their vote of support. He said “Who are my mother and brothers and sister? They are those who are doing the will of my Father.”

            Jesus loved Mary very much. She was His mom but she was not sinless. He made it clear He had a higher purpose and calling just like He rebuked Peter saying “Get behind me Satan!” when Peter asserted surely Jesus would not die as Jesus revealed His future crucifixion.

            Mary was not sinless but she was chosen. Mary played her part with all her heart. It was a role, a key role in the redemption drama God had long before designed because God so loved the world that He gave His one and only Son that whoever believes in Him should not die but have everlasting life.

            From the cross Jesus made sure Mary would be cared for after His death and resurrection. He saw Mary and His disciple John below Him and told John Mary would be his mom and he told Mary John would be her son.

            God needed to take on human form and be human to be the perfect substitute to pay the price of the curse for disobedience. Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law being made a curse for us. Because of His blood being shed Mary is covered for eternity just like anyone that looks to the cross and not their works to get to heaven. And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness even so must the Son of man be lifted up that whosoever believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life.

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